DNN: Detectron2 カスタムデータの学習2/2 (推論)

Detectron2でカスタムデータセット学習メモの続き。長くなったので学習と推論に分けた。以下のDetectron2 Beginner’s Tutorialをもとに説明を加えたもの。TutorialがGoogle ColabのJupyterノートブックを使っているのでローカルマシンで動くようにPythonスクリプトを少し変更している。

学 習

推 論

  • 以下のスクリプトを~/src/detectron2/myprog/balloon_inference.pyとして保存する。
# balloon_inference.py
import cv2
import json
import numpy as np
import os
import random
from detectron2 import model_zoo
from detectron2.utils.visualizer import ColorMode
from detectron2.config import get_cfg
from detectron2.engine import DefaultPredictor
from detectron2.engine import DefaultTrainer
from detectron2.structures import BoxMode
from detectron2.utils.visualizer import Visualizer
from detectron2.data import DatasetCatalog, MetadataCatalog
from detectron2.evaluation import COCOEvaluator, inference_on_dataset
from detectron2.data import build_detection_test_loader

def get_balloon_dicts(img_dir):
    json_file = os.path.join(img_dir, "via_region_data.json")
    with open(json_file) as f:
        imgs_anns = json.load(f)

    dataset_dicts = []
    for idx, v in enumerate(imgs_anns.values()):
        record = {}
        
        filename = os.path.join(img_dir, v["filename"])
        height, width = cv2.imread(filename).shape[:2]
        
        record["file_name"] = filename
        record["image_id"] = idx
        record["height"] = height
        record["width"] = width
      
        annos = v["regions"]
        objs = []
        for _, anno in annos.items():
            assert not anno["region_attributes"]
            anno = anno["shape_attributes"]
            px = anno["all_points_x"]
            py = anno["all_points_y"]
            poly = [(x + 0.5, y + 0.5) for x, y in zip(px, py)]
            poly = [p for x in poly for p in x]

            obj = {
                "bbox": [np.min(px), np.min(py), np.max(px), np.max(py)],
                "bbox_mode": BoxMode.XYXY_ABS,
                "segmentation": [poly],
                "category_id": 0,
                "iscrowd": 0
            }
            objs.append(obj)
        record["annotations"] = objs
        dataset_dicts.append(record)
    return dataset_dicts


if __name__ == '__main__':
    train_dataset_name     = "balloon_train"
    val_dataset_name       = "balloon_val"
    val_dicts_name         = "balloon/val"

    for d in ["train", "val"]:
        DatasetCatalog.register("balloon_" + d, lambda d=d: get_balloon_dicts("balloon/" + d))
        MetadataCatalog.get("balloon_" + d).set(thing_classes=["balloon"])
    balloon_metadata = MetadataCatalog.get(train_dataset_name)

    cfg = get_cfg()
    cfg.merge_from_file(model_zoo.get_config_file("COCO-InstanceSegmentation/mask_rcnn_R_50_FPN_3x.yaml"))
    # Pretraied weights
    # cfg.MODEL.WEIGHTS = model_zoo.get_checkpoint_url("COCO-InstanceSegmentation/mask_rcnn_R_50_FPN_3x.yaml") 

    # Weights trained by a custom dataset
    cfg.MODEL.WEIGHTS = os.path.join(cfg.OUTPUT_DIR, "model_final.pth") #

    cfg.MODEL.ROI_HEADS.SCORE_THRESH_TEST = 0.7   # set the testing threshold for this model
    cfg.DATASETS.TRAIN= (train_dataset_name, )
    cfg.DATASETS.TEST = (val_dataset_name, )

    cfg.DATALOADER.NUM_WORKERS = 2
    cfg.SOLVER.IMS_PER_BATCH   = 2
    cfg.SOLVER.BASE_LR  = 0.00025  # pick a good LR
    cfg.SOLVER.MAX_ITER = 300      # 300
    # faster, and good enough for this toy dataset (default: 512)
    cfg.MODEL.ROI_HEADS.BATCH_SIZE_PER_IMAGE = 128
    cfg.MODEL.ROI_HEADS.NUM_CLASSES = 1  # only has one class (ballon)

    os.makedirs(cfg.OUTPUT_DIR, exist_ok=True)

    trainer   = DefaultTrainer(cfg)  # trainer is used in evaluation
    trainer.resume_or_load(resume=False)

    # train is not need for the inference and evaluation phase
    # trainer.train() 

    # Inference
    predictor = DefaultPredictor(cfg)

    dataset_dicts = get_balloon_dicts(val_dicts_name)

    for d in random.sample(dataset_dicts, 3):    
        im = cv2.imread(d["file_name"])
        outputs = predictor(im)
        v = Visualizer(im[:, :, ::-1],
                       metadata=balloon_metadata, 
                       scale=0.8, 
                       # remove the colors of unsegmented pixels
                       instance_mode=ColorMode.IMAGE_BW )

        v = v.draw_instance_predictions(outputs["instances"].to("cpu"))
        cv2.imshow("Inference", v.get_image()[:, :, ::-1])
        #cv2.waitKey(0)
        cv2.waitKey(2000) # wait for 2000ms
        cv2.destroyAllWindows()
    
    # Evaluation
    evaluator = COCOEvaluator(val_dataset_name, cfg, False, output_dir="./output/")
    val_loader = build_detection_test_loader(cfg, val_dataset_name)
    inference_on_dataset(trainer.model, val_loader, evaluator)

推 論

  •  次のコマンドを実行すると、写真のような風船が推論されたウインドウが開く。各ウインドウは2秒毎に切り替わり、全部で3枚表示される。その後、評価が始まる。
    • $ cd ~/src/detectron2/datasets
    • $ python3  ../myprog/balloon_inference.py

エラーの対応

  • 2020年2月27日時点では、coco APIの問題でnumpyのバージョンが1.18以上だとEvaluationすると次のエラーが出る。それを回避するためにnumpyのバージョンをダウンする。
    • object of type <class ‘numpy.float64’> cannot be safely interpreted as an integer
  • numpy
    • バージョンの確認
    • $ pip3 show numpy
      Name: numpy
      Version: 1.18.1
      Summary: NumPy is the fundamental package for array computing with Python.
      Home-page: https://www.numpy.org
      Author: Travis E. Oliphant et al.
      Author-email: None
      License: BSD
      Location: /home/demulab/.local/lib/python3.6/site-packages
      Requires:
  •  numpyのバージョンダウン
    • $ pip3 uninstall numpy
    • $ pip3 install numpy==1.17.0

コメント

Folding@home Kanazawa (ID 257261)

みんなのためにおうちで新型コロナウイルスを解析しよう!

タイトルとURLをコピーしました